Who is Devil (Satan or Shaitan)?
The holy Quran, the final Testament, gives us a comprehensive information about devil (shaitan or satan). As devil is the most ardent enemy of mankind, God almighty gives us detailed biography of Satan in the holy Koran so that we could understand, who is devil, what his mission, what his tactics and tricks, how he hypnotizes human to lead toward hell.
First identity of devil is that he is the rebel and ungrateful to God (Allah in Arabic) Almighty.
Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim) invited his father to accept the religion of Islam.
[The Noble Quran 19:44] "O my father, do not worship the devil. The devil has rebelled against the Most Gracious.
[The Noble Quran 2:34] When we said to the angels, "Fall prostrate before Adam," they fell prostrate, except satan; he refused, was too arrogant, and a disbeliever.
After God created Adam and his wife and placed them in paradise and He commanded them,
[The Noble Quran 2:35] We said, "O Adam, live with your wife in Paradise, and eat therefrom generously, as you please, but do not approach this tree, lest you sin."
But devil caused their eviction from the paradise. How devil bad enemy of mankind is!
[The Noble Quran 2:36] But the devil duped them, and caused their eviction therefrom. We said, "Go down as enemies of one another. On Earth shall be your habitation and provision for awhile."
[The Noble Quran 7:20] The devil whispered to them, in order to reveal their bodies, which were invisible to them. He said, "Your Lord did not forbid you from this tree, except to prevent you from becoming angels, and from attaining eternal existence."
[The Noble Quran 7:22] He thus duped them with lies. As soon as they tasted the tree, their bodies became visible to them, and they tried to cover themselves with the leaves of Paradise. Their Lord called upon them: "Did I not enjoin you from that tree, and warn you that the devil is your most ardent enemy?"
[The Noble Quran 7:27] O children of Adam, do not let the devil dupe you as he did when he caused the eviction of your parents from Paradise, and the removal of their garments to expose their bodies. He and his tribe see you, while you do not see them. We appoint the devils as companions of those who do not believe.
Practicing sorcery (witchcraft) is a devilish work.
[The Noble Quran 2:102] They pursued what the devils taught concerning Solomonís kingdom. Solomon, however, was not a disbeliever, but the devils were disbelievers. They taught the people sorcery, and that which was sent down through the two angels of Babel, Haroot and Maroot. These two did not divulge such knowledge without pointing out: ďThis is a test. You shall not abuse such knowledge.Ē But the people used it in such evil schemes as the breaking up of marriages. They can never harm anyone against the will of God. They thus learn what hurts them, not what benefits them, and they know full well that whoever practices witchcraft will have no share in the Hereafter. Miserable indeed is what they sell their souls for, if they only knew.
What devil teaches and promises us!
[The Noble Quran 2:268] The devil promises you poverty and commands you to commit evil, while God promises you forgiveness from Him and grace. God is Bounteous, Omniscient.
[The Noble Quran 5:90] O you who believe, intoxicants, and gambling, and the altars of idols, and the games of chance are abominations of the devil; you shall avoid them, that you may succeed.
[The Noble Quran 5:91] The devil wants to provoke animosity and hatred among you through intoxicants and gambling, and to distract you from remembering God, and from observing the Contact Prayers (Salat). Will you then refrain?
[The Noble Quran 17:61-64] When we said to the angels, "Fall prostrate before Adam," they fell prostrate, except Satan. He said, "Shall I prostrate to one You created from mud?" He said, "Since You have honored him over me, if You respite me till the Day of Resurrection, I will possess all his descendants, except a few." He said, "Then go; you and those who follow you will end up in hell as your requital; an equitable requital. "You may entice them with your voice, and mobilize all your forces and all your men against them, and share in their money and children, and promise them. Anything the devil promises is no more than an illusion.
Following forefathersí religion without verification is a devilish work.
[The Noble Quran 31:21] When they are told, "Follow these revelations of GOD," they say, "No, we follow only what we found our parents doing." What if the devil is leading them to the agony of Hell?
[The Noble Quran 24:21] O you who believe, do not follow the steps of satan. Anyone who follows the steps of satan should know that he advocates evil and vice. If it were not for God's grace towards you, and His mercy, none of you would have been purified. But God purifies whomever He wills. GOD is Hearer, Knower.
Devil creates fear to refrain us from struggling in the path of God.
[The Noble Quran 3:175] It is the devil's system to instill fear into his subjects. Do not fear them and fear Me instead, if you are believers.
What is the attitude whose friend becomes devil already?
[The Noble Quran 4:38] They give money to charity only to show off, while disbelieving in GOD and the Last Day. If one's companion is the devil, that is the worst companion.
Devil has no independent power.
[The Noble Quran 4:76] Those who believe are fighting for the cause of God, while those who disbelieve are fighting for the cause of tyranny. Therefore, you shall fight the devil's allies; the devil's power is nil.
What are those female gods which are worshipped by idol worshippers in their temples?
[The Noble Quran 4:117] They even worship female gods besides Him; as a matter of fact, they only worship a rebellious devil.
Devil is so bad enemy to us. God quotes devilís sayings in the Quran.
[The Noble Quran 4:119] "I will mislead them, I will entice them, I will command them to (forbid the eating of certain meats by) marking the ears of livestock, and I will command them to distort the creation of God." Anyone who accepts the devil as a lord, instead of God, has incurred a profound loss.
[The Noble Quran 35:6] The devil is your enemy, so treat him as an enemy. He only invites his party to be the dwellers of Hell.
[The Noble Quran 43:62] Let not the devil repel you; he is your most ardent enemy.
[The Noble Quran 2:208] O you who believe, you shall embrace total submission; do not follow the steps of devil, for he is your most ardent enemy.
Devilís promises are nothing but illusion.
[The Noble Quran 4:120] He promises them and entices them; what the devil promises is no more than an illusion.
Devil is the biggest hypnotizer. He hypnotizes people who follow him so much so that those misguided people thought that they are perfectly guided!
[The Noble Quran 6:43] If only they implored when our test afflicted them! Instead, their hearts were hardened, and the devil adorned their works in their eyes.
[The Noble Quran 7:30] Some He guided, while others are committed to straying. They have taken the devils as their masters, instead of God, yet they believe that they are guided.
[The Noble Quran 16:63] By God, we have sent (messengers) to communities before you, but the devil adorned their works in their eyes. Consequently, he is now their lord, and they have incurred a painful retribution.
Even worldís best scientist could be totally hypnotized by devil.
[The Noble Quran 29:38] Similarly, 'Aad and Thamoud (were annihilated). This is made manifest to you through their ruins. The devil had adorned their works in their eyes, and had diverted them from the path, even though they had eyes.
Devil could make us forgetful. But good news is that it could only be very temporarily.
[The Noble Quran 6:68] If you see those who mock our revelations, you shall avoid them until they delve into another subject. If the devil causes you to forget, then, as soon as you remember, do not sit with such evil people.
[The Noble Quran 12:42] He then said to the one to be saved "Remember me at your lord." Thus, the devil caused him to forget his Lord, and, consequently, he remained in prison a few more years.
Devil creates and circulates fabricated stories to divert humans from the path of God.
[The Noble Quran 6:112] We have permitted the enemies of every prophet - human and jinn devils - to inspire in each other fancy words, in order to deceive. Had your Lord willed, they would not have done it. You shall disregard them and their fabrications.
[The Noble Quran 19:83] Do you not see how we unleash the devils upon the disbelievers to stir them up?
We have to seek refuge in God and God will help us whenever devil whispers us.
[The Noble Quran 7:200] When the devil whispers to you any whisper, seek refuge in God; He is Hearer, Omniscient.
Devil can not hypnotize genuine servants of God. They can understand devilís trick.
[The Noble Quran 7:201] Those who are righteous, whenever the devil approaches them with an idea, they remember, whereupon they become seers.
Devil also fears God almighty and he sees God's Invisible Soldiers
[The Noble Quran 8:48] The devil had adorned their works in their eyes, and said, "You cannot be defeated by any people today," and "I will be fighting along with you." But as soon as the two armies faced each other, he turned back on his heels and fled, saying, "I disown you. I see what you do not see. I am afraid of God. God's retribution is awesome."
Satan has no power to force us. He only can invite us to commit sinful deeds. Therefore we are responsible for our own bad/good works and not the devil.
[The Noble Quran 14:22] And the devil will say, after the judgment had been issued, "God has promised you the truthful promise, and I promised you, but I broke my promise. I had no power over you; I simply invited you, and you accepted my invitation. Therefore, do not blame me, and blame only yourselves. My complaining cannot help you, nor can your complaining help me. I have disbelieved in your idolizing me. The transgressors have incurred a painful retribution."
[The Noble Quran 19:68] By your Lord, we will certainly summon them, together with the devils, and will gather them around Hell, humiliated.
[The Noble Quran 22:3] Among the people, there are those who argue about God without knowledge, and follow every rebellious devil.
We must be careful on devilís propaganda. God says.
[The Noble Quran 17:53] Tell My servants to treat each other in the best possible manner, for the devil will always try to drive a wedge among them. Surely, the devil is man's most ardent enemy.
Devil always interferes on righteous peopleís works including prophets, messengers of God. But devil can not win over them.
[The Noble Quran 22:52] We did not send before you any messenger, nor a prophet, without having the devil interfere in his wishes. God then nullifies what the devil has done. God perfects His revelations. God is Omniscient, Most Wise.
To be protected from Satan we must remember and seek help from God Almighty.
[The Noble Quran 23:97] Say, "My Lord, I seek refuge in You from the whispers of the devils.
[The Noble Quran 16:98] When you read the Quran, you shall seek refuge in God from satan the rejected.
[The Noble Quran 41:36] When the devil whispers an idea to you, you shall seek refuge in God. He is the Hearer, the Omniscient.
Anyone who disregards the messages of God almighty, He appoints invisible, devilish Companions who lead them toward hell.
[The Noble Quran 43:36] Anyone who disregards the message of the Most Gracious, we appoint a devil to be his constant companion.
[The Noble Quran 58:19] The devil has possessed them, and has caused them to disregard God's message. These are the party of the devil. Absolutely, the party of the devil are the losers.
[The Noble Quran 59:16] They are like the devil: he says to the human being, "Disbelieve," then as soon as he disbelieves, he says, "I disown you. I fear God, Lord of the universe."
Devil prohibits lawful things as well.
[The Noble Quran 2:168] O people, eat from the earth's products all that are lawful and good, and do not follow the steps of devil; he is your most ardent enemy.
In conclusion, devil is a rebel against God Almighty, devil is humanís worst enemy, devil is the worst hypnotizer, devil advices us to commit all sinful and vice acts, devil creates baseless rumors, devil tries to creates animosity among believers, devil can make us forgetful for the time being, devil creates hindrances for prophets, messengers and believers to propagate the truth, devil can see us but we can not see the devil directly, devil even can see Godís invisible solders.
But good news is that devil has no independent power, all power belongs to God Almighty, devil can not harm us physically, devil can not force us to commit sins and final destiny of devil and his followers is hell.
All praise be to God Almighty
Copyright © 2007, www.progressive-muslim.org